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Term: Cannabis Act

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Cannabis Act (Wikipedia)

The Cannabis Act (also known as Bill C-45) is a law which legalized recreational cannabis use in Canada in combination with its companion legislation Bill C-46, An Act to Amend the Criminal Code. The law is a milestone in the legal history of cannabis in Canada, alongside the 1923 prohibition.

Cannabis Act
Parliament-Ottawa.jpg
Parliament of Canada
  • An Act respecting cannabis and to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the Criminal Code and other Acts
Enacted byHouse of Commons
PassedJune 19, 2018
Enacted bySenate
Royal assentJune 21, 2018
EffectiveOctober 17, 2018
Legislative history
Bill introduced in the House of CommonsC-45
Introduced byJody Wilson-Raybould, Minister of Justice
First readingApril 13, 2017
Second readingJune 8, 2017
Third readingNovember 27, 2017
Committee reportReport 12
Bill introduced in the SenateC-45
First readingNovember 28, 2017
Second readingMarch 22, 2018
Third readingJune 7, 2018
Status: In force

The bill was passed by the House of Commons in late November 2017, and in the Senate on June 7, 2018, and the House accepted some Senate amendments and sent the bill back to the Senate on June 18. The Senate then passed the final version of the bill on June 19, and it received Royal Assent on June 21. Canada is the second country in the world to legalize recreational cannabis nationwide after Uruguay.


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